Pregnancy and Vaginal Delivery in Epidural Analgesia in Woman with Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunt

Danijel Bursac, Tomislav Kulas, Jasminka Persec, Zoran Persec, Zeljko Duic, Jasenka Zmijanac Partl, Zeljko Glavic, Zlatko Hrgovic, Katarina Bojanic



Hydrocephalus is a medical condition characterized by enlargement of cerebral ventricles due to abnormal cerebrospinal fluid accumulation. Hydrocephalic women with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunts are now surviving to reproductive age, but still there are doubts regarding the mode of delivery, analgesia and anesthesia. Postpartal complications are more frequently described in deliveries ended by cesarean section than in spontaneous vaginal deliveries. We present a case of labor in the 32-year old woman, with congenital hydrocephalus and a preexisting ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt. After thorough review of current literature, we came to conclusion that without absolute neurosurgical indication or acute development of listed symptoms (headaches, irritability, light sensitivity, hyperesthesianausea, vomiting, vertigo, migraines, seizures, weakness in the arms or legs, strabismus and double vision) the best way to finish the pregnancy of woman with VP shunt is spontaneous vaginal delivery with the use of epidural analgesia, mediolateral episiotomy and vacuum extraction.


regional anesthesia, vaginal delivery, ventriculoperitoneal shunt, cesarean section

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