Effects of Different Agility Training Programs among First-Grade Elementary School Students
The aim of the study was to determine which agility training program (low, moderate or high contextual interference) was more effective in first-grade primary school students to provide reliable information to physical education teachers for designing more effective agility programs. A total of 57 first-grade elementary school students participated in the present study. They were randomized into three groups to compare the effects of three different agility training programs based on contextual interference: low contextual interference (n=19), moderate contextual interference (n=19), and high contextual interference (n=19). Contextual interference refers to the relative amount of interference created when integrating two or more tasks into a particular aspect of a training session. Significant improvements in agility were found in the low (P <0.01, ES=1.79) and moderate (P <0.05, ES=0.61) contextual interference groups after a 4-week training period. These improvements were higher in the low contextual interference group. The high contextual interference group showed no improvements (P >0.05, ES=0.28) after the intervention program. Our results suggested that the low contextual interference program is still more effective than the moderate contextual interference program in primary school students.
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