Demographic, Anthropometric and Socioeconomic Characteristics of Functional Constipation in Eastern Croatia

Barbara Ebling, Saša Gulić, Dragan Jurčić, Miran Martinac, Rudika Gmajnić, Ante Bilić, Sanda Pribić, Maja Tolušić Levak


Aim of the research is to establish the prevalence of constipation in Osječko-baranjska County, to establish its specific characteristics and to determine the effect of demographic, anthropometric and socioeconomic factors. It is a cross-sectional and case control study conducted in 2010. on systematic sample of 900 subjects between 20 and 69 years of age. Every subject was sent an invitation letter and a Rome III diagnostic questionnaire for one of the disorders. A scoring algorithm was used to confirm or exclude the diagnosis of functional constipation. The chi-square test, t-test and logistic regression were used for analysis. The prevalence of constipation in our study was 22.19%, which is higher than the prevalence in most other countries, where it ranges from 5% to 18%. In our study statistically significant variables were: place of current residence (urban), education level (high school), marital status (divorced people), a larger number of household members and a lower health status by self-assessment. According to t-test persons with constipation on average are older, have higher average BMI and lower average grade valued financial status of households and their health. There were a greater number of subjects that had at least one alarm symptom or some of the psychosocial factors and they often suffered from a chronic disease. Functional constipation presents a significant health problem. Rome III survey questionnaire proved to be an acceptable method for diagnosing this functional disorder in clinical-consilliary and primary health care,and for persons showing signs of alarm and needing further diagnostic treatment.


constipation, prevalence, risk factors, Eastern Croatia

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